The Annulment of Condemnation
We sometimes fail to meditate deeply enough on all that the resurrection of Jesus means for believers. The resurrection was not simply the evidence that the sacrifice of Christ was accepted by God--though it certainly bears witness to that truth. The resurrection was also not merely the prefiguration of the resurrection of those savingly united to Jesus--though it secures and anticipates the resurrection of the just on the last day. The resurrection of Jesus is essentially the cancellation of the condemnation of sin represented by the sentence of death--the justification of Jesus as the representative of His people.
Geehardus Vos, in The Pauline Eschatology, explained this principle so well when he wrote,
"Christ’s resurrection was the de facto declaration of God in regard to his being just. His quickening bears in itself the testimony of his justification. God, through suspending the forces of death operating on Him, declared that the ultimate, the supreme consequence of sin had reached its termination. In other words, resurrection had annulled the sentence of condemnation."
Jesus is the grounds of a believer's justification on the basis of His sinless life and atoning death; but, He is also the grounds of the justification of believers insomuch as He was justified in His resurrection from the dead (1 Tim. 3:16). Since death is the ultimate sentence of condemnation (Heb. 9:27), and condemnation is the opposite of justification (Rom 8:1), we must see the resurrection of Jesus as the annulment of the sentence of condemnation. This means that we should be assured that Jesus cancelled the sentence of condemnation on behalf of those He represented when He stepped out of the grave.
To be sure, this truth is tied to the affirmation that His bloody sacrifice for the sins of His people was accepted by God. If the sacrifice of Christ had been insufficient, He would never have been raised from the dead. The resurrection is the proclamation that what Jesus cried on the cross was indeed fulfilled. He paid the debt that His people owed in order to ransom them from the power of death and hell. The resurrection of Jesus is God's great "Amen" to the Son's cry, "It is finished!"
The justification of the believer is as sure as the resurrection of Christ, because the resurrection of Jesus is the assurance that there is "no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus." When believers struggle to be settled about the once-for-all nature of their justification before God, they must look on the crucified and risen One by faith. Jesus was justified before God in His resurrection so that we might be justified by faith in the risen and victorious Christ.